The internet significantly facilitates the exercise of human rights today — but it also offers unprecedented capacity for their interference. The companies and standard-setting bodies that manage the internet’s infrastructure have a direct impact on whether human rights are facilitated or restricted.

An important actor in this space is the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN), an international non-profit organization incorporated to manage the Internet’s unique identifier systems. ICANN coordinates the directory linking website names with server numbers. This coordination of unique identifiers in the domain name system (DNS) allows people around the world to connect to the same global network.

Because the DNS is integral to the way users navigate and use the internet, the human rights aspects of ICANN’s policies are an important consideration. In light of this ICANN incorporated a policy commitment to respect internationally recognized human rights as part of its Core Values in 2016. The multistakeholder community subsequently developed a framework for interpreting this new bylaw, but it remains to be seen how it will be implemented in policy development and other decision-making processes.

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About the CCWP-HR

The Cross-Community Working Party on ICANN and Human Rights (CCWP-HR) is a forum for research and discussion on the relationship between human rights and global DNS coordination. This is related — but not limited — to policies, procedures, and operations, with a particular focus on ICANN’s responsibility to respect human rights.

Our goal is to provide information, facilitate dialogue, and make suggestions to ICANN the corporation, its Board of Directors, and the ICANN community on ways to better harmonize ICANN’s policies and procedures with internationally recognized human rights and corporate social responsibility standards.

At present, devising new mechanisms to uphold the “Human Rights Bylaw” in ICANN decision-making processes is a core focus of the CCWP-HR, along with promoting standards for diversity, transparency, and accountability across the ICANN community.

Read the CCWP-HR’s charter

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Recent documents

Human Rights Impact Assessment for ICANN PDPs v3 – Developed during trial assessment carried out on the Subsequent Procedures PDP in early 2019; geared toward making recommendations and feeding into robust and informed Public Comments.

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March 2019

DNS Transparency Reporting Resources – A short guide for registrars and registries on handling requests for user data and content takedowns + a sample template to facilitate tracking and reporting (find more information here)

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December 2018

News

ICANN64 Kobe

Approval of the CCWG-Acc WS2 Recommendations — and subsequent enaction of ICANN’s Human Rights Core Value — is taking longer than expected. Nonetheless, progress toward operationalizing the Core Value has advanced significantly in recent months. Here are some highlights from […]

- March 2019

Implementation at the Speed of ICANN

The ICANN Board held an Open Session on WS2 implementation during its most recent meeting on 27 January 2019. The basic goals of the session were to clarify when the Board will make a decision on approving the package of […]

- February 2019

DNS Transparency Reporting

Transparency reporting has became a popular practice amongst companies across various industries as a means to “know and show” respect for human rights, as described in the Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights. For companies operating online, shedding light […]

- December 2018